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Posts for tag: gum disease

By Laurie Mulka, D.D.S.
September 15, 2017
Category: Dental Procedures

According to the American Dental Association, 47.2 percent of adults over the age of 30 have chronic periodontitis in the United States. periodontal diseasePeriodontal disease is also the leading cause of tooth-loss in adults, which is why you need to make sure you visit your Redford, MI, dentist, Dr. Laurie Mulka, for your bi-annual dental checkup.

Periodontal Disease:

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is caused by plaque. Dental plaque is a sticky substance that contains bacteria after someone consumes a sugar-containing meal. When teeth aren't thoroughly brushed, the buildup of plaque on teeth becomes hard tartar.

When tartar, or calculus, accumulates on your gums, you may notice swelling and your gums bleeding easily. If you start noticing these symptoms, this means you're experiencing gingivitis.

Here are some more symptoms to keep a lookout for:

  • Bad breath or bad taste that persists
  • Gums pulling away from teeth
  • Loose permanent teeth
  • Gums that are red, bleed easily or are swollen

Reasons for Gum Disease:

Besides plaque, which is a result of poor dental hygiene, there are other factors that contribute to the increased risk of periodontal disease:

  • Crooked teeth that can't be cleaned properly
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes
  • Smoking and chewing tobacco
  • Medications
  • Genetics


You should have an oral and dental examination at your Redford family dentist's office every six months. In addition to visiting your doctor, maintaining a healthy oral habit is essential. Make sure to brush your teeth twice a day; brush your teeth after you eat breakfast and before you go to bed with a soft-bristled toothbrush. In addition to brushing, flossing daily, before going to bed, will help remove food debris and reduce the buildup of plaque.

In addition to oral hygiene, avoid eating sugary foods, like sodas and candy. Resort to a healthier diet, like apples and carrots, which help scrape off tartar from the surface of your teeth, and drinking water, which can wash away food particles.

For more information and to schedule an appointment with Dr. Mulka for a bi-annual checkup, call 313-937-1520. Her office is conveniently located in Redford, MI, so don't hesitate to visit her as soon as possible. Your health is a priority.

By Laurie Mulka, D.D.S.
September 21, 2016
Category: Oral Health
Tags: gum disease  

Prompt treatment of gum disease is essential in preventing tooth loss. Do you know the symptoms of gum disease? Dr. Laurie Mulka, gum diseaseyour Redford, MI family dentist, shares a few signs that may indicate that you have the disease.

Gum disease symptoms

Gingivitis, the mildest form of gum disease, is also the easiest to treat. Since the symptoms can be mild, you may not even know you have the condition until your dentist tells you. Common gingivitis symptoms include red, irritated or puffy gums. Your gums may also bleed easily when you brush or floss.

If your condition doesn't improve, the problem can turn into periodontitis, the more serious form of gum disease. Periodontitis occurs when a build up of tartar at your gum line causes your gums to begin to pull away from your teeth and form deep pockets. When these pockets become filled with bacteria, you may develop these symptoms:

  • Bad breath: No matter how often your brush or use mouth rinse, bad breath can persist if you have gum disease.
  • Pain when chewing: Mealtime can become very painful when your games are inflamed or infected.
  • Tooth sensitivity: Tooth sensitivity may occur when your roots are exposed. You may notice pain when you eat or drink hot or cold beverages or when your mouth is exposed to air.
  • Receding gums: Before pockets form, your gums will begin to recede.
  • Loose teeth: As you can image, loose teeth are a bad sign. If you notice that one or more of your teeth are loose, call your dentist as soon as possible.

How did I get gum disease?

Gum disease is often caused by poor oral hygiene. If you don't brush or floss regularly, the plaque on your teeth turns into tartar, which can only be removed by special dental tools. Visiting your dentist every six months is an excellent way to reduce tartar buildup and reduce your gum disease risk. You may more likely to develop the disease if you have a family history of it, have HIV/AIDS, take certain medications or smoke. Hormonal changes during menstruation, pregnancy and menopause can also increase your risk.

How can my Redford dentist help?

Gingivitis usually improves with a thorough dental cleaning and improved oral hygiene. If you have periodontitis, your dentist may recommend a deep cleaning to remove tartar below your gums. In some cases, you may need surgery to close your pockets or bone or tissue grafts.

Don't let gum disease ruin your smile. Call Dr. Mulka, your Redford, MI family dentist, at (313) 937-1520 to schedule an appointment.